Laparoendoscopic Single-Site Surgery (LESS) and Natural Orifice Transluminal Endoscopic Surgery (NOTES) are based on the premise that patients should benefit in terms of recovery time, physical discomfort, pain, and cosmesis if a surgical procedure can be performed without visible scarring. Scar-Less Surgery: NOTES, Transumbilical, and Others is a multi-disciplinary effort which weaves together the surgical aspects of these novel techniques. It is the first comprehensive reference on the subject providing state-of-the-art technical information to both general and urologic surgeons while also highlighting future developments and research needs.
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